Subaru of Legasi
- 1.1. Identification numbers
1.2. Governing bodies and control devices
+ 1.3. Switches of lighting, turns, washer and glass cleaner
1.4. Catalytic converter
1.5. System of ventilation and air conditioning
1.6. System of climate control
1.7. System cruise control
1.8. Mechanical transmission
1.9. Automatic transmission
+ 1.10. Forward seats
1.11. Arrangement and power of bulbs
+ 1.12. Safety locks and electric chains
1.13. Bases of safe operation of the car
1.14. Wheels and tires
1.15. Corners of installation of wheels
+ 2. Maintenance
+ 3. Engines
+ 4. Heating, ventilation
+ 5. Fuel system
+ 6. Exhaust system
+ 7. Systems of start, ignition
+ 8. Transmissions
+ 9. Coupling, shaft
+ 10. Brake system
+ 11. Suspension bracket
+ 12. Steering
+ 13. Body
+ 14. Electric equipment
Observance of recommendations below substantially will increase your safety on roads and will allow to keep the vehicle in good repair.
At a wheel
The competent technology of driving of the car also depends on the correct landing of the driver. The negligent, weakened landing (in particular when the driver puts out an elbow of the left hand in a window or leans a body on the left door, and the steering wheel holds with one hand) does not provide constant readiness of the driver for fast and accurate actions in case of sudden change of a situation on the road. The correct landing – the driver rather densely leans on a back of a seat, feet at a full vyzhim on a pedal are extended not completely, and both hands which are slightly bent in elbow joints are located on a steering wheel. Position of a body has to be steady, but not strained is prevents fast exhaustion.
Drive easy, holding slightly a wheel. Do not squeeze it as a vice, to a pobeleniye of fingers – the excessive effort and a nervous tension only tire an organism. Take for the rule at the movement on direct sites of roads to hold the steering wheel in the range from without ten two to without fifteen three corresponding to the provision of hour hands. It the car without any efforts gives the chance of a message and instantly to react to change of a situation on the road.
Clearness of action of the driver in driving substantially depends on a dress code, especially in winter time. The clothes have to be easy, free and convenient. It is not recommended to apply ski or climbing boots, valenoks, high fur boots. Their bulkiness complicates fast management of pedals. Management of pedals and any footwear high-heeled complicates.
Preparation of the car for the movement
Before departure from garage or from a parking lot check technical condition of the car. 8–10 minutes spent for it can offset with interest all losses of time for elimination of malfunctions in way and will increase your safety. For this purpose:
1. Check and bring to norm air pressure in tires. Pressure difference in tires on only 0,2-0,3 kgfs/cm2 worsens controllability of the car, and when braking can lead to its drift.
2. Check oil level in a case of the engine and if necessary bring it to norm.
3. Check levels of the cooling, brake and washing liquids and if necessary bring them to norm. Tanks with these liquids are made of translucent plastic that allows to conduct visual control of level.
4. Check serviceability of signaling devices and lamps of external light devices.
5. Check work of screen wipers and washers of glasses, the parking brake.
6. Examine a car parking lot. Existence of traces of oils and operational liquids under the car testifies to leakage of its knots and units. In this case it is necessary to reveal and eliminate the reason of their emergence.
7. At the movement from the parking check serviceability of working brakes.
Tactics of driving of the car
Tactics of driving of the car is an ability to choose the correct mode of the movement where the main indicator is speed. Incorrectly chosen high-speed mode appears the most frequent reason of road accidents. Complexity of a right choice of speed of the movement is that demands the simultaneous accounting of different factors or, in other words, a complex assessment of conditions in which there is a movement. Ability of the driver completely to cover all set of the mobile and motionless objects important from the point of view of traffic safety, and thus to exclude from the attention everything the objects which are not relating to the movement got to a field of his sight (for example, the billboards remote from the road of the building etc.) are the main condition of the correct tactics of driving of the car. With the same purpose it is not recommended to hang or fix in zones of wind and back glasses and on the dashboard the amulets, souvenirs, etc. which are reducing the review of the driver and in addition distracting not only his attention, but also attention of other participants of the movement. Thus it is necessary to remember that with increase in speed of the movement the field of vision of the driver decreases. So, the field of vision is equal in rest 120 °, at a speed of 30 km/h – 100 °, and at a speed of 100 km/h – 40 ° ("tunnel sight").
By no means the speed of the movement cannot be defined by, whether you hurry or your passengers. It is necessary to acquire firmly it and even in the emergencies to choose speed only according to a situation. In this regard very important quality of the driver is the endurance allowing to keep calm and not to give in to someone's wishes to go quicker, despite of a concrete situation.
After a long break in driving (the winter period, an illness, business trip, etc.) some time for restoration of skills is required. In this regard execute some training departures on sites of roads with the minimum loading by transport.
Be the good psychologist and critically treat the mistakes at a wheel. Only self-criticism and introspection will help you to avoid repetition of similar mistakes further.
Overcoming of pools
At the movement through pools it is necessary to be extremely attentive as they can hide holes and potholes on which it is possible to damage disks of wheels or a detail of a suspension bracket. In case you move on the unfamiliar road, it is better to pass other transport forward, and how it will overcome a pool, can judge a condition of the road. If such opportunity is not present, leave the car and any subject (a stick, a bar etc.) measure a pool on an estimated trajectory of the movement. Carry out the movement through a pool at minimum possible speed. Dashing overcoming of pools, as a rule, comes to an end with hit of moisture on elements of system of ignition and an engine stop.
The movement in rainy weather
Moisture on elements of system of ignition can get and stop the engine at the movement on the road to time of a heavy rain. A good and well-tried remedy for prevention of an otsyrevaniye of elements of system of ignition is their preliminary processing by water-repellent preparations like "Unisma" or "Avtosmazka of VTV-1" in aerosol package or their foreign analogs.
Show special attention and care the first minutes after the beginning of a rain as the moistened dust on a paving forms the soap film which is sharply reducing coupling of tires with the road.
Regularly during the movement carry out an easy pritormazhivaniye of the car to dry brakes as efficiency of crude brakes sharply falls.
During overtaking include a windshield screen wiper on the maximum mode is will help to avoid loss of visibility due to possible emission of water from under a wheel of the overtaken transport. It is desirable to apply such precautionary measures and in case overtake you.
Do not carry out overtaking if the water cloud from under wheels ahead of the going car completely closes the review of a zone of overtaking to rainy weather.
Not to move in a water loop from ahead the going cars, increase a distance and reduce movement speed.
At the movement along sidewalks during a rain or after it at journey through pools reduce the speed that splashes from under wheels of your car did not get on pedestrians.
The movement in a night-time
With approach of twilight turn on a passing beam of headlights. If your car is painted in dark tone, turn on a passing beam a little earlier as against dark asphalt your car is imperceptible and its emergence for drivers of counter transport becomes unexpected.
When driving at night the driver sees only a limited site of the road and for the safe movement special attention is required. It is noticed that with age the person needs big illumination for recognition of a subject. For people 20 years are more senior it doubles every 13 years. Therefore, the driver at 60-year age sees at the night nearly 8 times worse, than in 20-year-old. According to it and movement speed has to decrease in proportion to age of the driver at night.
In case of dazzle by light of headlights of the oncoming car slow down the movement or better stop, without changing a lane, and turn on the alarm light system. Be careful of a message the car blindly it is very dangerous! Do not forget that for restoration of ability to see after dazzle time to 10 sec. can be demanded.
If you follow for ahead the going car at night and are not going to overtake it, switch to a passing beam and keep from it at such distance not to disturb his driver light of the headlights.
Movement in the winter
Be very careful on wet or slippery sites of roads – do not allow sharp braking with risk to block wheels that will inevitably lead to drift. For this purpose operate the car smoothly, without sharp turns. Carry out reduction of speed only gradual transition to low gears with a partial pritormazhivaniye working brakes. If despite everything the car starts bringing, turn a wheel towards drift, do not touch a pedal of coupling and a brake and keep calm.
In places of crossing of roads often there is a frost due to pro-slipping of wheels at start-off from a place. Therefore at approach to such places on a dry site begin reduction of speed in advance.
It is difficult to start on a slippery site in the winter. For this purpose include the second or third transfer and, slowly releasing a coupling pedal, smoothly increase engine turns. If you need to execute turn after the car began the movement, switch to the first transfer and turn pass during the operation of the vnatyag engine, without allowing pro-slipping of driving wheels.
In the mountain district
At the movement on rise in due time pass to the lowest transfers, without allowing operation of the engine "in a tightness" and a derganiye of the car.
On long descents use the engine in the braking mode with partial use of working brakes. Do not allow descent with the switched-off coupling and use only of working brakes, the WTO will lead to a warming up of brakes and boiling of brake fluid.
Keep in mind that with increase in height temperature of boiling of brake fluid decreases. Boiling of brake fluid in wheel cylinders means full refusal of working brakes – the pedal of a brake fails.
If in mountains you wish to stop on the parking around observation decks or a recreation area, after long rise do not stop at once the engine in order to avoid boiling of cooling liquid and fuel in the carburetor, and let's work to the engine of 1-2 min. on the minimum turns of idling. It will facilitate the subsequent start of the engine.
As anywhere, in the mountain district keep to the right roads. Smaller width of the road and a difficult profile of the route demand bigger attention and care. On turns give sound and light signals. At a stop on rise or on descent turn out a wheel against the stop that in case of a spontaneous start of motion of the car it rested against a border of the road or other obstacle.
On the slippery road do not begin the movement on a steep slope until ahead the going car reaches it top.
Use of brakes
Learn to brake smoothly, without allowing blocking of wheels. It is even better to use a smooth pritormazhivaniye working brakes with simultaneous transition to low gears. Such reception provides course stability of the car even on slippery sites of roads and, besides, promotes economy of fuel, increases a resource of tires and brake slips.
Skilled drivers, irrespective of existence of additional stoplights, expecting possibility of application of working brakes, previously a brake pedal before operation of lamps of stoplights several times concern to pay attention of the drivers moving behind it to be ready to reduction of speed.
The brake way depends on reliability of action of the most brake system, a condition of a protector of tires, load of the car, a profile of the road, type and a condition of a paving, and also on car speed. The brake way increases in proportion to a speed square i.e. if speed increases twice, the brake way increases four times.
If at serviceable suspension brackets, the adjusted corners of installation of forward wheels and normal pressure of air in tires when braking the car takes away aside and you need to dovorachivat a wheel to keep the direction of the movement, it is necessary to carry out audit of working brakes.
Taking for the first time the wheel of other car, check on a free site of the road work of brakes at speeds of 40, 60 and 80 km/h that is necessary for an assessment of a condition of brakes and acquisition of the first skill.
In order to avoid "prikipaniye" of brake shoes to drums do not put the car on the long parking with the switched-on parking brake.
That brake shoes did not freeze to drums after the movement on wet roads at sharp fluctuations of temperatures, do not leave the car on the open area with the tightened parking brake, without having dried a brake smooth braking at the movement to the parking.
Sharp accelerations and delays, insufficient or elevated pressure of air, neglect to shift of wheels according to the scheme, the imbalance, a driving at the increased speeds on the uncomfortable roads, incorrectly established corners of forward wheels substantially reduce service life of tires. On worn-out tires the movement becomes dangerous as during a rain the protector at a certain speed does not manage to pass water, the tire runs into a water wedge which drives ahead of itself, and there comes loss of coupling with the road (effect of hydroplaning).
Driving of the car equipped with an automatic transmission
When driving the car equipped with an automatic transmission it is necessary to pay attention to the following features:
At dispersal of the car the engine will work with the raised turns that is normal and typical for automatic transmission.
For fast increase in speed of the movement it is necessary to press an accelerator pedal against the stop and some time to hold it in this situation. The increase in number of turns of the engine and decrease of transfer number in a transmission will quickly increase the speed of the movement of the car.
If pressure upon a pedal of an accelerator decreases, turns of the engine will decrease irrespective of movement speed. This normal phenomenon leading to considerable economy of fuel.